This is an article on salon.com that I really enjoyed reading. It's written by Sean Miller and titled "Bill Gates and Elon Musk are wrong: Artificial intelligence is not going to take over the world". Miller argues a more adequate term for AI is cognitive prosthetics, and illuminates aspects as autonomy, autopoiesis, sentience as dependent on social interaction amongst others, pointing out that bacteria (in these respects) supersede AI in it's current and near future forms.
"Unlike AI, though, bacteria are autonomous. They locomote, consume and proliferate all on their own. They exercise true agency in the world. Accordingly, to be more precise, we should say that bacteria are more than just autonomous, they’re autopoietic, self-made. Despite their structural complexity, they require no human intervention or otherwise to evolve."
"AI augments people’s thinking, their goals, drives and prejudices. I say “people” and not “human” because I don’t want to imply a universality. Particular instances of AI, which is essentially computer code, are written and executed on computer networks by people in specific social contexts. An AI’s drives are a reflection of the idiosyncrasies of the individuals who write its code."